Weighted Guided Image Filtering with Steering Kernel
Zhonggui Sun1, Bo Han1, Jie Li2, Jin Zhang1, Xinbo Gao2
1Liaocheng University 2Xidian University
Due to its local property, guided image filter (GIF) generally suffers from halo artifacts near edges. To make up for the deficiency, a weighted guided image filter (WGIF) was proposed recently by incorporating an edge-aware weighting into the filtering process. It takes the advantages of local and global operations, and achieves better performance in edge-preserving. However, edge direction, a vital property of the guidance image, is not considered fully in these guided filters. In order to overcome the drawback, we propose a novel version of GIF, which can leverage the edge direction more sufficiently. In particular, we utilize the steering kernel to adaptively learn the direction and incorporate the learning results into the filtering process to improve the filter¨s behavior. Theoretical analysis shows that the proposed method can get more powerful performance with preserving edges and reducing halo artifacts effectively. Similar conclusions are also reached through the thorough experiments including edge-aware smoothing, detail enhancement, denoising and dehazing.
Z. Sun, B. Han, J. Li, J. Zhang, X.-B. Gao, "Weighted Guided Image Filtering With Steering Kernel," in IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 29, pp. 500-508, 2020.